Understanding Bird Behaviour
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
The way birds behave is one of the vital keys to accurate identification, and this book provides the experienced instruction needed to understand and get the most out of watching birds. This guide covers all the fundamental types of bird behavior, including movement, feeding, breeding, migration, navigation, distribution, range, life, and death, all of which are illustrated with beautiful photographs. There is a whole section dedicated to the behavior of different species groups, from divers and grebes to sparrows, buntings, and finches.
suitable tailwinds to enable them to cross the ocean in the two or three days needed to reach landfall. This strategy, known as ‘loop migration’, is also followed by several European species, such as the Red-backed Shrike. In autumn, they take a south-easterly route out of Europe, via the eastern Mediterranean, to winter quarters in Central and Southern Africa. In spring, they return by an even more easterly route, across the Arabian Peninsula, probably because meteorological factors make this
flashing the white patches on his wings while uttering his churring song. During the day Nightjars roost on heather or on the ground, and should not be disturbed. Nightjars hunt by night, using their exceptional eyesight to catch moths and other insects The Cuckoo is our only parasitic breeding bird, each female laying up to 20 eggs in different nests of her host species, a strategy which maximises the chances of breeding success. Cuckoos parasitise a particular host species (the one in whose
several birds huddling together for warmth. The Wren is now Britain’s commonest bird by far, with at least seven million breeding pairs WARBLERS There are 13 regular breeding species of warbler in Britain, and two species of warbler-like ‘crests’. Most are summer visitors, and all 15 can be grouped into three categories by habitat. Wetland warblers This category includes five species that are habitually associated with wetland areas during the breeding season, though the actual habitat
comeback, spreading back to south and east Britain Two smaller black crows, the Jackdaw and the Chough, are also fascinating birds. Jackdaws are real comedians, often associating with their larger relatives in search of food on farmland or in open parks. Their characteristic call is what gave them their name, as it is for their rarer relative the Chough (originally pronounced ‘chow’, which mimics their call). Choughs are also comical birds to watch as they walk around on short grass on their
Bramblings are abundant in northern Europe, and variable numbers arrive each autumn to seek out their favourite food of beechmast. The other common finches include a generalist, the Greenfinch, and a specialist, the Goldfinch. Greenfinches eat a wide variety of seeds, and are particularly partial to artificial feeders containing either sunflower seeds or peanuts. As a result they are frequent garden visitors, and often stay to breed, the male performing his attractive display flight while