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A utopia is a community or society possessing highly desirable or near perfect qualities. The word was coined by Sir Thomas More in Greek for his 1516 book Utopia (in Latin), describing a fictional island society in the Atlantic Ocean. The term has been used to describe both intentional communities that attempt to create an ideal society, and imagined societies portrayed in fiction. It has spawned other concepts, most prominently dystopia.
This law is observed by simply moving supernumerary adults to smaller households. If the town as a whole gets too full, the surplus population is transferred to a town that’s comparatively empty. If the whole island becomes over-populated, they tell off a certain number of people from each town to go and start a colony at the nearest point on the mainland where there’s a large area that hasn’t been cultivated by the local inhabitants. Such colonies are governed by the Utopians, but the natives
relieve no previous discomfort. They merely act, in a mysterious but quite unmistakable way, directly on our senses, and monopolize their reactions. Such is the pleasure of music. Their second type of physical pleasure arises from the calm and regular functioning of the body – that is, from a state of health undisturbed by any minor ailments. In the absence of mental discomfort, this gives one a good feeling, even without the help of external pleasures. Of course, it’s less ostentatious, and
edition of Robert Browning’s Aristophanes’ Apology in 2001. In 2002 he was made an MBE. He is now editing Browning’s version of Aeschylus’ Agamemnon. THOMAS MORE Utopia Translated with an Introduction and Notes by PAUL TURNER PENGUIN BOOKS PENGUIN BOOKS Published by the Penguin Group Penguin Books Ltd, 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, England Penguin Putnam Inc., 375 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014, USA Penguin Books Australia Ltd, 250 Camberwell Road, Camberwell,
scansion of one line. Further Reading ABOUT THE AUTHOR Ackroyd, Peter, The Life of Thomas More (London: Chatto & Windus, 1998). The best biography yet, readable, vivid and scholarly. Chambers, R. W., Thomas More (London: Jonathan Cape, 1935). The first notable academic biography. Guy, John, Thomas More (London: Edward Arnold, 2000). An attempt to assess the historical truth in More’s legendary reputation. Lewis, C. S., in English Literature in the Sixteenth Century (Oxford: Clarendon
April Fool atmosphere right from the start. I flatter myself that my version is quite as silly as the original. The material omitted consists of a letter and some verses by John Van der Broeck, Professor of Rhetoric at Louvain (where the book was printed), and of a letter by Jerome Busleiden, the addressee of the letter from Peter Gilles. Van der Broeck’s contribution is of no particular interest, and was excluded from the edition of 1518; Busleiden’s is interesting only because he seems to take