War as Business: Technological Change and Military Service Contracting: 0
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
The privatization of defence assets and the outsourcing of military services from the armed forces to the private sector is an increasing trend. This book approaches the issue of military privatization by linking it to the transformation of the defence industries since the early 1990s, and shows the extent to which many military functions and activities, ranging from military research to military consulting/training to operational support services, have already been outsourced in the US and in Europe. This detailed study provides new and updated information on the ongoing privatization of the defence sector and offers an original theoretical explanation as to why the most modern armed forces throughout the world have come increasingly to rely on private companies for nearly everything they do. Contributing to a better understanding of military privatization and its close connection to technological change, the book explains the complexity of the whole phenomenon and discusses its implications for national and international security.
Congressional intention of keeping the US footprint small (Castillo 2000). The use of military contractors instead of soldiers is also in other ways politically more convenient. Sometimes ‘privatization’ can provide ‘plausible deniability’ in cases where the government wants to avoid direct involvement for legal, diplomatic or publicity reasons (Yeoman 2003, 39). This could include the outsourcing of immoral or illegal research (biological warfare, mind control), illegal domestic surveillance,
corporations like Lockheed-Martin (Lockheed merged with MartinMarietta, GE Aerospace, Loral and the aircraft branch of General Dynamics), which makes $35 billion in revenues a year. The second biggest defence company is now Boeing, which had merged with Rockwell and McDonnell Douglas and which is more successful in the military business than in selling civilian airliners.6 Third ranks Northrop-Grumman, a merger of Northrop, Westinghouse, Grumman and, most recently, the satellite producer TRW (in
Allen Hamilton, Northrop Grumman/Information Technology (Logicon), SAIC, CACI, Anteon and BAE SYSTEMS/Marconi Integrated Systems. Developing Scenarios and Wargames Since at least the middle of the nineteenth century high-ranking military officers have been trained at staff colleges with war games for learning how to command troops in battle and how to develop war and battle plans. Little is known about war games outside defence establishments and the small circles of hobby war gamers, and it
logisticians will assume many of these tasks.’ (Ferris and Keithly 2001) Private companies will take over all the crucial logistics functions including the overall logistics management. They are already developing logistics management systems and procedures, and are advising the armed forces on how to improve their Operational Support Services 117 logistics operations. The general trend is that the original equipment manufacturers more and more provide the necessary logistics services needed
nullify the 146 War as Business potential savings of outsourcing. Additionally, if the principal had all the competence and capability to perform a task, then the principal would not need the agent. As this is not the case, there is a structural problem which becomes even greater with the complexity of the task performed by the agent. From this perspective it seems quite unlikely that military privatization and outsourcing can save any money, as the armed forces are less and less prepared to