Waterloo: A New History of the Battle and its Armies
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Wellington remarked that Waterloo was a damned nice thing, meaning uncertain or finely balanced. He was right. For his part, Napoleon reckoned the English are bad troops and this affair is nothing more that eating breakfast. He was wrong and this gripping and dramatic narrative history shows just how wrong. Fought on Sunday, June 18th, 1815, by some 220,000 men over rain-sodden ground in what is now Belgium, the Battle of Waterloo brought an end to twenty-three years of almost continual war between imperial France and her enemies. A decisive defeat for Napoleon and a hard-won victory for the Allied armies of the Duke of Wellington and the Prussians, led by the stalwart Marshal Blucher, it brought about the French emperor's final exile to St. Helena and cleared the way for Britain to become the dominant military power in the world. The Napoleonic Wars are a source of endless fascination and this authoritative volume provides a wide and colorful window into this all-important climatic battle.
Alliance ridge – so the emperor sent another two battalions, from the Old Guard this time, to reinforce. The first battalion of the 1st Chasseurs à Pied and the first battalion of the Grenadiers à Pied swung off the Brussels road and along to Plancenoit. For the moment, the French could hold. Meanwhile, Marshal Grouchy was fighting his battle at Wavre, eight miles away. There the French were still trying unsuccessfully to storm the bridge into the town. In the greater scheme of things, they were
death toll for a one-day battle in the whole of the Peninsula War – 917 at Albuhera on 16 May 1811. In total, 28 per cent of the British contingent became casualties and 6 per cent were killed. The figures for the KGL were similar (27 and 6 per cent), and these two had the highest percentage of dead and wounded of any of the Allies in the Anglo-Dutch army. Of the others, the Prussians at Waterloo suffered 13.5 per cent casualties with 2.5 per cent killed; the Hanoverians 18 and 3 per cent; the
ref1 Colonel of the Regiment, ref1n colours, battalion and regimental, ref1 Combermere, Sir Stapleton Cotton, Field Marshal Viscount, ref1 Committee of Public Safety, ref1, ref2, ref3 Congress of Vienna, ref1, ref2, ref3, ref4, ref5, ref6, ref7, ref8, ref9, ref10 Constant Rebecque, General Jean Victor, baron de, ref1, ref2, ref3, ref4, ref5 Continental System, ref1, ref2 Convention of Cintra, ref1 Cooke, Major General Sir George, ref1 Copenhagen, Wellesley’s expedition to, ref1 Corfu,
sequences of firing, the simplest method, and that used most often, was for the two outside fire units, those on the extreme right and left of the battalion, to fire, followed by the next two in, and so on until the two fire units in the centre fired, by which time the extreme outside half-companies had reloaded. The procedure could then be repeated until the enemy were all dead or gave up and ran away, or had taken so many casualties that they were unable to continue. This system of platoon
Field Marshal Earl Alexander, commanded a battalion of the Irish Guards at the age of twenty-four, was a lieutenant colonel aged twenty-six and a brigadier general at twenty-seven, while in the Second, Michael Carver, later Field Marshal Baron Carver, commanded a regiment of tanks (battalion equivalent) at twenty-eight and a brigade at thirty. * Although in his first year he won the chancellor’s prize for Latin verse. † He could sit in the House of Commons in Westminster because his earldom was