White Eagle, Red Star: The Polish-Soviet War 1919-1920 and The Miracle on the Vistula
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In White Eagle, Red Star,distinguished historian Norman Davies gives us a full account of the Polish-Soviet War, with its dramatic climax in August 1920 when the Red Armysure of victory and pledged to carry the Revolution across Europe was crushed by a devastating Polish attack. Since known as The Miracle of the Vistula,” it remains one of the most crucial conflicts of the Western world. Drawing on both Polish and Russian sources, Norman Davies shows how this war was a pivotal event in the course of European history.
trouble over Petlura. He was most concerned to forward an idea, apparently mooted by Boerner but immediately dismissed by Lenin, to put the secret Polish nationalist organizations in the Ukraine at the Red Army's disposal for the struggle against Denikin. 9 Meanwhile, Lenin's quibble about Petlura stuck in Pilsudski's throat. Pilsudski would not or could not swallow it. He rejected it sharply, and contrary to all expectations, broke off negotiations forthwith. On 14 December Marchlewski and
Lithuania-Byelorussia, 1919 Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Warsaw MSZ Soviet Commissariat of Foreign Affairs NarkomindeI ND. (Endecja) National Democratic Party New Economic Policy NEP Supreme National Conunittee (Poland) (1914-18) NKN Ober-Ost Ober Kommando Ostfront Camp of National Unity Ozon Polish Bureau, Bolshevik Party Pol'biuro Political Bureau, Bolshevik Party Central ComPolitbiuro mittee Polish Military Organisation POW Polish Socialist Party PPS Presidium of the Council of Ministers,
Russia. On 12 December, he joined with Clemenceau in supporting the static concept of the 'barbed wire fence' round Soviet Russia, as opposed to the previous active concept of intervention. Finally, on 16 January at a conference in Paris, he succeeded in persuading the Allied leaders to undertake 'the exchange of goods with the Russian people whilst A WINTER OF DISILLUSIONMENT maintaining their boycott of the Bolshevik government'.n It was this occasion which prompted the famous outburst of
fierce bombardment and a frontal assault without effect, the dismounted troopers of the 4th Division infiltrated Ozerna unexpectedy from the north. Towards seven o'clock in the evening, the 11th Division entered Snezhna. The Konarmiya had carved a threefold gap. It claimed to have taken 1,000 prisoners and to have 'sabred' a further 8,000. Its way was open to terrorize the Polish rear. Seen in detail, the breakthrough of 5 June was not so spectacular as was sometimes supposed. Success was
town.'3S CHAPTER FOUR THE INVASION OF POLAND THE excitement of the Kiev Campaign diverted attention from the entrance into the Polish war of the Red Army's most celebrated commander-Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky. He arrived at Western Front Headquarters at Smolensk in the week that Kiev fell. Tukhachevsky personified many of the contradictory trends which contributed to the growth of the Red Army. He was an aristocrat in the service of the proletarian revolution, a Russian patriot who